Air pollution is commonly considered an outdoor problem. It’s surprising to learn the EPA reports that indoor air quality is two to five times worse than outdoor air quality. Below are ways to improve the air quality of your Louisville, KY, home.

What’s Indoor Air Quality and How Does It Affect Health?

Indoor air quality pertains to the quality of air inside homes, buildings and structures. The quality of the air inside a home affects the health and well-being of the occupants. Poor air quality has a link to impaired learning, reduced productivity and sick building syndrome.

Air quality affects your health in a variety of ways. Poor indoor air quality leads to conditions such as:

  • Asthma, shortness of breath.
  • Headaches.
  • Sneezing.
  • Dizziness
  • Eye, nose and throat dryness.
  • Lung cancer, heart disease and death.

What Causes Indoor Air Pollution?

Many factors cause indoor air pollution. We may bring it inside with us when we bring in new furniture, or we track dirt inside from our shoes and then walk into the home. Fumes from paint, carpet cleaners and other household cleaning supplies also contribute to poor indoor air quality.

Other factors include fire-retardants, lead found in house dust or even radon and carbon monoxide. Radon is a naturally occurring gas that’s the second-leading cause of lung cancers among those who don’t smoke. It’s odorless and colorless, as is carbon monoxide.

There are several steps you can take to improve your indoor air quality. The following sections offer tips on how to improve your IAQ.

Letting the House Breathe

Proper ventilation and exhaust are important factors when it comes to improving the air quality inside your home. When a home has inadequate ventilation, it traps pollutants and allergens inside and prevents outdoor air from diluting the pollutants.

Cooking produces air pollutants. Proper ventilation in the kitchen not only diffuses the steam or smoke produced while cooking but also disperses pollutants in the air. Ventilation for bathrooms and laundry areas is also important. High humidity allows dust mites and microbial to thrive.

To prevent high humidity, try keeping the humidity level inside your home between 40% and 50%. This is achievable by running dehumidifiers, fixing leaky plumbing, using exhaust fans or opening windows when doing laundry, cooking, showering/bathing and running the dishwasher.

Purify The Air

Air purifiers come in several different types, but they do the same thing in different ways. They trap pollutants in a filter that’s changed out regularly. Or, if there’s no filter, they either incinerate the pollutant or use UV light to damage the DNA structure of viruses and bacteria so they can’t replicate and grow.

Plants are also a great way to purify the air, but not every indoor plant will do the job. Indoor plants such as chrysanthemums, spider plants, Boston ferns and others are great when it comes to purifying the air inside your home. One thing to consider before purchasing or growing one of these plants is if they are safe for any pets you may have.

Reduce Pollutants

Another way to help improve the indoor air quality of your home is not to smoke inside. The chemicals in the cigarette become part of the air through the smoke and lower the quality of the air inside the home.

Since carpet is an excellent breeding ground for pollutants, another way to improve air quality is to reduce the amount of carpet in your home or use a vacuum with a filter if you prefer carpet. Make sure to groom your pets regularly to reduce the amount of fur and dander left in the carpet, furniture and clothing.

We can help you improve the air quality inside your home. Contact KY Energy Pro, Inc. today for indoor air quality inspections. We can also install air scrubbers to help you win the fight against allergens.

Image provided by iStock

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